Adult onset diabetes risk
You can be your own best nurse
Adult onset diabetes is the most rapidly increasing national illness. It is most common in middle-aged men or older. Nowadays it is also common in younger people.
Many people do not know that they are ill, because adult onset diabetes progresses slowly and it does not necessarily cause noticeable symptoms for years. However, if it is not treated, diabetes can cause permanent damages to arteries, nervous system, eyes and kidneys.
You can fight your genetic factors
Most Finns have genetic factors that make them predisposed to type 2 diabetes. Mere genetic predisposition rarely leads to diabetes, however, as the illness is caused by the combination of unfavourable genes and lifestyle.
Type 2 diabetes can be effectively controlled with weight management, sufficient exercise and healthy nutrition. Fat concentrated around the waist in particular makes you susceptible to diabetes onset. Even if you have genetic predisposition and you are in the risk group, you can influence the onset of the illness with your own choices.
Controlling diabetes risks
- Monitor your weight and measure your waist circumference regularly.
- Check your diet. Reduce the use of fats (especially hard fats) and add fibre (bread, porridge, vegetables, berries and fruit).
- Increase your daily activity level and exercise at least half an hour every day.
- Quit smoking.
- Get enough sleep.